As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, I do not have specific information about the University Grants Commission (UGC) in India introducing measures to ease peer pressure on research scholars. However, it’s essential to understand that the UGC regularly updates its policies and guidelines to improve the quality of higher education and research in India.

To address peer pressure or related issues faced by research scholars, institutions and policymakers may consider various strategies, although these strategies may not be specific UGC initiatives:

  1. Mentorship Programs: Institutions can establish mentorship programs to provide guidance and support to research scholars. A strong mentorship system can help alleviate the stress and pressure often associated with research.
  2. Work-Life Balance: Encouraging a healthy work-life balance for research scholars can be crucial. Institutes may introduce policies that promote well-being, reduce burnout, and offer flexible research schedules.
  3. Research Support Services: Providing research support services, including statistical analysis, data management, and writing assistance, can help scholars meet their research goals more comfortably.
  4. Collaborative Research: Encouraging collaborative research projects can reduce the isolation that some research scholars experience and create a supportive research community.
  5. Mental Health Support: Offering mental health services and counseling to research scholars can help them manage stress and anxiety.
  6. Publication and Presentation Guidance: Institutions can provide guidance on the publication process and presentation skills, reducing the pressure to publish.
  7. Transparent Evaluation: Ensuring that the evaluation and assessment processes for research scholars are transparent and fair can reduce undue pressure.

Please note that the UGC or specific universities may have introduced new policies or initiatives since my last update in 2021. To obtain the most current information on any measures taken by the UGC or specific universities to ease peer pressure on research scholars, I recommend checking the UGC’s official website, as well as the websites of individual universities and research institutions in India. Additionally, staying informed about educational news and policy updates in India is essential to understand any recent developments in this area.

Analyzing trends in the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Civil Services Preliminary Examination subject-wise can provide valuable insights for aspirants preparing for the exam. While I cannot provide specific data beyond my last knowledge update in September 2021, I can offer a general overview of subject-wise trends in the UPSC Prelims based on historical patterns. Keep in mind that the UPSC can change its question pattern, so it’s essential to stay updated with the latest trends.

01 : General Studies Paper I (GS Paper I):

A. History: Questions on Indian history, both ancient and modern, have been consistent over the years. Focus on major events, personalities, and socio-cultural aspects.

B. Geography: Geography-related questions often cover physical geography, Indian geography, and world geography. Topics like climate, rivers, and maps are essential.

C. Polity: Questions on the Indian Constitution, political system, and governance are common. Understanding the fundamental rights, DPSP, and political institutions is crucial.

D. Economy: Economic questions cover both national and international aspects. Focus on basic economic concepts, current economic issues, and government schemes.

E. Environment and Ecology: Increasingly, questions on environmental issues, biodiversity, and climate change have appeared. Keep up-to-date with environmental policies and global environmental agreements.

F. Science and Technology: Questions often revolve around recent advancements, developments, and applications of science and technology.

G. Current Affairs: A significant portion of the paper is dedicated to current affairs from the past year. Stay updated with national and international news.

H. Culture and Art: Questions on Indian art, culture, and heritage can be diverse. Focus on major art forms, monuments, and cultural practices.

02 : General Studies Paper II (CSAT):

A. Comprehension and Logical Reasoning: Focus on improving reading comprehension and logical reasoning skills. Practice solving various types of questions.

B. Decision Making and Problem Solving: Questions often assess your ability to make decisions and solve problems logically.

C. Mathematics and Data Interpretation: Basic mathematics, data interpretation, and quantitative aptitude are tested. Practice numerical and data-related problems.

D. English Language Skills: English language comprehension, grammar, and vocabulary are important. Work on improving your English language skills.

Remember that UPSC Prelims is an objective-type exam with multiple-choice questions. Regular practice with mock tests, previous year question papers, and subject-wise preparation will help you navigate the exam effectively. Additionally, adapt your preparation strategy based on the changing trends and patterns in the UPSC Prelims exam, as the commission may adjust the weightage and focus of subjects over time.